The Municipality of Burgos is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Agno; on the south by the Municipality of Dasol; on the east by the Municipality of Mabini; and on the west by the West Philippine Sea. Burgos is part of western Pangasinan along the coastline of the West Philippine Sea and is situated at 119’ 45” to 119’ 50” latitude and 16’ 05” to 16’ 10” longitude.
Burgos may have varying measurements as regards its total land area but for purposes of this Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP), the 14,035.0000 hectares (hectares) will be used. The old town plan of the municipality reflected 10,915.6300 hectares as the town’s total land area and 10,714.0680 hectares are considered alienable and disposable while 201.5680 hectares as forestland (timber) excluding the marine waters area. Then, in 1987 the Municipal Assessor conducted a tax mapping which revealed that the total land area of Burgos was 12,125.9147 hectares. Yet, as further research conducted by the local government with the Land Management Services of the DENR Regional Office in San Fernando, La Union revealed that the land area was actually much bigger. Based on the findings, it was found out to be 13,866.6482 hectares However, another report specifically those released by the Forest Management Division of DENR disclosed that Burgos is actually 13,034.000 hectares of which 1.553 hectares are classified as public area.
The Municipality of Burgos has a total of 14 barangays namely; Poblacion which is considered as an urban barangay, Anapao, Cacayasen, Concordia, Don Matias, Ilio-Ilio, Papallasen, Pogoruac, San Miguel, San Pascual, San Vicente, Sapa Grande, Sapa Pequena, and Tambacan all considered as rural barangays.